My last post revolved around various affidavits that were submitted by family members and fellow soldiers in the 48th PVI. I plan to post more of those documents in the future. They will be timed to correspond with the events they describe. For example, the pension depositions by fellow soldiers in the 48th PVI regarding the digging of the Petersburg Mine, that resulted in the Battle of the Crater in July of 1864, will be accompanied by a letter written by JWD just before the explosion occurred. In that letter, which had no censorship, he describes how "there will be a great explosion" and how they are undermining the rebel lines. This be my overall approach to the design of the blog. The "putty" posts in between letters will put other documents, thoughts and comments into play as backup and context filler.
For this week, I plan to present some of the many documents I have that are part of the pension application process pursued by JWD's wife, Magdalena. The more I delve into these documents, the more fortunate I feel that I am to still have them in my possession. They are an invaluable asset in the development of this project.
It was common for war veterans and veteran widows to obtain a copy of the subject soldier's discharge orders. Many times original discharge papers were lost or destroyed in the course of returning home from the war and so it was necessary to obtain copies from Washington, DC. I can't imagine how long that must have taken, especially after the pension law was passed in the late 1870s and hundreds of the thousands of soldiers and widows applied for copies of discharge papers, as well as the actual pensions.
In this case, the discharge certificate copy was requested in 1909 by JWD's wife, Magdalena, a full 33 years after his death and nearly 30 years after the pension was first issued to her. The reason for this will become clear later in this 4 year project when I show the overall battle she had with the pension board...one she fought to her dying days...and part of our family's "secret".
Discharge Copy #1 showing JWD's service from 1861-1863
Discharge Copy #2 showing JWD's service from 1863-1865
Pension Certificate for Soldier JWD to support Magdalena Derr and her sons
George W. Derr...son of JWD and Magdalena and my Great-Grandfather